Critical Illness Associated Fatal Hypoglycemia in a Nondiabetic Male
Case reports in critical care
We present here the case of a 55-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with severe abdominal pain and respiratory distress secondary to mesenteric ischemia. His critical illness on preexisting chronic kidney disease, previously undiagnosed alcoholic cirrhosis, and congestive heart failure led to a rare yet fatal consequence of refractory hypoglycemia. Critical illness associated hypoglycemia generally occurs as a result of high metabolic consumption with relative insulin excess and insufficient nutritional intake that is seen frequently in critically ill patients. This, along with reduced hepatic and renal gluconeogenesis seen in preexisting liver and renal disease, can cumulate to life-threatening hypoglycemia and is seen as a poor prognostic factor in the ICU setting.
Toor, Amit; Toor, Anika; and Krishnamurthy, Mahesh, "Critical Illness Associated Fatal Hypoglycemia in a Nondiabetic Male" (2019). Center for Primary Care & Community Health Research @SLUHN Articles & Publications. 18.