Patient perspectives about bariatric surgery unveil experiences, education, satisfaction, and recommendations for improvement
Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
BACKGROUND: Following bariatric surgery, up to 35% of patients struggle with strict regimens and experience weight recidivism within 2 years [1-5]. Accredited weight management centers (WMC) must provide educational programs and support patients in lifestyle changes before and after surgery. Educational programs, however, may not be evidence-based or patient-centered and may vary in curriculum, approach, and educator type . OBJECTIVE: To obtain patient descriptions about the weight loss surgery (WLS) experience, including education, satisfaction, and recommendations for improvement. SETTING: Participants were recruited from a university hospital-based WMC in Pennsylvania. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study used purposive sampling and inductive content analysis. RESULTS: A NEW ME-VERSION 2.0, encompassed themes from semistructured interviews with 11 participants (36% male). Theme 1: Programming and Tools, explained how individuals undergoing WLS found support through educational programming. Theme 2: Updates and Upgrades, identified issues surrounding quality of life and challenges before and after surgery. Theme 3: Lessons Learned and Future Considerations, identified satisfaction levels and recommendations for improving the WLS experience. Participants reported positive experiences, acknowledging educational programs and extensive WMC resources, yet also offered recommendations for improving educational programming. CONCLUSION: Patient narratives provided evidence about the WLS experience. Achievement of weight goals, adherence to rules, and improved health status contributed to perceptions of WLS success. Participants encouraged educators to identify expected outcomes of educational programming, monitor holistic transformations, foster peer support, and use technology in WMC programming. Results also validated the need for the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program's education requirement (standard 5.1). Future educational research could help develop best practices in WLS patient education and assess associations between education and clinical outcomes.
Groller, Karen D.; Teel, Cynthia; Stegenga, Kristin H.; and El Chaar, Maher, "Patient perspectives about bariatric surgery unveil experiences, education, satisfaction, and recommendations for improvement" (2018). Center for Bariatric & Metabolic Research @SLUHN Articles & Publications. 33.